(JTA) – The United States decided to withdraw from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) over its anti-Israel bias and need for reform, the Department of State said.
The decision, which would become effective only in 2019, “was not taken lightly, and reflects U.S. concerns with mounting arrears at UNESCO,” read the statement Thursday by the U.S. Department of State, in which the United States announced that it had notified UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova of its decision.
The statement cited “the need for fundamental reform in the organization, and continuing anti-Israel bias at UNESCO.”
The United States indicated to the director general its desire to remain engaged with UNESCO as a non-member observer state “in order to contribute U.S. views, perspectives and expertise on some of the important issues undertaken by the organization, including the protection of world heritage, advocating for press freedoms, and promoting scientific collaboration and education.”
The Paris-based body delighted Palestinians in July when it declared the Old City of Hebron in the West Bank an endangered world heritage site. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu complained that the language of that resolution did not sufficiently acknowledge the religious attachment of Jews to Hebron.
Prior to that resolution UNESCO also passed several resolutions ignoring Jewish ties to Jerusalem, drawing Israeli officials’ fury and criticism by Western countries – including by France, which supported the resolutions during votes.
Israel has reduced its funding for UN projects following those votes.
Six years ago, the United States cut off more than $80 million a year, about 22 per cent of its entire budget for UNESCO, in reprisal for its acceptance of Palestine as a member, Foreign Policy reported.
The Obama administration said it had to cut funds because a 1990s-era law prohibits U.S. funding for any UN agencies recognizing Palestine as a state. Israel also suspended its funding for UNESCO.
As a result of U.S. funding cuts, U.S. arrears in membership fees have been swelling each year, surpassing $500 million that’s owed to UNESCO, according to Foreign Policy. The decision to withdraw from UNESCO owes partly to U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s desire to stop the growing debt.
The Reagan Administration decided to withdraw from the organization in 1984, at the height of the Cold War, citing corruption and what it considered an ideological tilt towards the Soviet Union against the West. The U.S. rejoined the organization in 2002 under president George W. Bush, claiming it had gotten its books in order and expunged some of its most virulent anti-Western and anti-Israel biases.