(JTA) – Anti-Semitic incidents in the United States soared 86 per cent in the first three months of 2017 after rising by more than one-third in 2016, according to the Anti-Defamation League (ADL).
There has been a massive increase in harassment of American Jews, largely since November, and at least 34 incidents linked to the presidential election that month, the ADL said Monday in its annual audit of anti-Semitic incidents.
This year has seen preliminary reports of 541 anti-Semitic incidents through March. One reason for the jump appeared to be the bomb threats called in to Jewish community centres and other Jewish institutions across the country. An Israeli-American teenager is accused of calling in most of them, and he has been charged in Israel and the United States. He is in custody in Israel.
The 2017 incidents include 380 for harassment, including the 161 bomb threats, an increase of 127 per cent over the first quarter of ’16; 155 for vandalism, including three cemetery desecrations, an increase of 36 per cent, and six physical assaults, a decrease of 40 per cent.
The states with the highest number of incidents were those with large Jewish populations, including California, New York, New Jersey, Florida and Massachusetts.
In 2016, the report showed a total of 1,266 acts targeting Jews and Jewish institutions, with a 34 per cent increase of incidents of assaults, vandalism and harassment over the previous year. Nearly 30 per cent of those incidents, or 369, occurred in November and December.
The acts included 720 harassment and threat incidents, an increase of 41 per cent over 2015; 510 vandalism incidents, an increase of 35 per cent; and 36 physical assaults, a decrease of 35 per cent.
Incidents on college campuses stayed mostly static after nearly doubling in 2015, but more than doubled in non-Jewish elementary, middle and high schools. The rise to 235 incidents in 2016 from 114 the previous year represented a 106 per cent increase. There have been 95 incidents reported in the first quarter of this year.
“There’s been a significant, sustained increase in anti-Semitic activity since the start of 2016, and what’s most concerning is the fact that the numbers have accelerated over the past five months,” Jonathan Greenblatt, the ADL’s national director, said in a statement. “Clearly, we have work to do and need to bring more urgency to the fight. At ADL, we will use every resource available to put a stop to anti-Semitism. But we also need more leaders to speak out against this cancer of hate and more action at all levels to counter anti-Semitism.”
The ADL has been tracking anti-Semitic incidents since 1979. In the past 10 years, the number of reported anti-Semitic incidents peaked at 1,554 in 2006.
Separately, Tel Aviv University’s watchdog on anti-Semitism reported Sunday that the number of anti-Semitic incidents worldwide has decreased by 12 per cent in 2016 despite the spike in the United Kingdom and the United States.