(JTA) – Palestinians are divided in their feelings on a two-state solution with Israel, while 42 per cent believe that armed action is the best way to achieve a state, a new poll found.
The survey conducted by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research found that a slight majority, 51 per cent, oppose the two-state solution while 48 per cent are in favour. The margin of error, however, is three per cent.
While armed action was the preferred method to a state, 29 per cent of Palestinians surveyed think negotiations is the most effective way to achieve a state and 24 per cent favor popular non-violent resistance.
To carry out the poll, 1,270 Palestinian adults in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip were interviewed face to face in 127 randomly selected locations from Sept. 17 to 19.
Some 66 per cent of Palestinians reject a return to unconditional negotiations with Israel if it means that settlement activities will continue. In addition, 88 per cent of Palestinians demand that the Palestinian Authority take Israel to the International Criminal Court in The Hague over the settlement building.
The poll also found Palestinians mostly split on the Arab Peace Initiative, which offers a return to Israel’s pre-1967 borders in return for peace, with 45 per cent in support and 49 per cent in opposition. Forty per cent back a mutual recognition of Israel’s national identity as the state for the Jewish people and Palestine as the state for the Palestinian people, but 58 per cent oppose it.
Some 65 per cent of Palestinians support indirect negotiations between Hamas and Israel to reach a long term hudna (truce) in the Gaza Strip in return for lifting the siege and 32 per cent oppose such negotiations. At the same time, 59 per cent of Palestinians believe that Hamas won last summer’s Gaza war, which breaks down to 69 per cent of those in the West Bank and 42 per cent in Gaza. Some 67 per cent believe that rocket launches at Israel from Gaza should resume if the blockade of Gaza is not ended.
The poll found that 65 per cent of the Palestinian public wants Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to resign. Satisfaction with Abbas’ job performance dropped to 38 per cent from 44 per cent three months ago and from 50 per cent in June 2014.
If new elections were held today, according to the poll, 35 per cent each would vote for Hamas and Abbas’ Fatah party.